Criminal laws are the rules that apply when someone commits a crime, such as assault, robbery, murder, rape and other kinds of crimes. After a person is arrested and charged with a crime, that person goes to the Criminal Court. Civil laws refer to almost all other disputes. These are rules which apply when one person sues another person, a business or agency. This can cover a housing case as for eviction or foreclosure, a family case such as Divorce or Custody or when someone sues for money because of damage to property or personal harm. All these cases go to the Civil Court.
The judges in both civil and criminal court cases have different powers. Criminal Court judges can punish you for breaking the law by sending you to the jail. On the other hand, Civil Court judge can order you to pay money o a fine or to make decisions about your family or your home. In many cases, civil law attorney in Concord also acts as Criminal Lawyers as and when needed.
In this article, we will discuss what really happens in court and when civil lawyers act as Criminal Lawyers in great detail.
Civil Litigation Basics
Lawsuits that don’t involve criminal charges generally referred to as Civil Litigation. In general, civil litigation begins when a plaintiff files a complaint in the court against the defendant. The plaintiff could be anyone whether an individual or a business entity. In most of the cases, the plaintiff is suing for the money and business attorney in Concord handle these cases. In other cases, the plaintiff may be asking the court to make an injunction i.e. an order that prevents the defendant from engaging in certain activities. The defendant involved in civil litigation has the right to be represented by an attorney at every stage of the case. Unlike the Criminal case, doesn’t appoint an attorney for the defendant if he cannot afford to hire one.
Criminal Case Basics
A criminal case begins with a state or federal government prosecutor filing a complaint that charges a defendant with a crime. State prosecutors are generally district attorney who is elected by country voters and federal prosecutors are country’s attorney employed by the Department of Justice. The defendant is to be represented by the attorney at every stage of the case to defend himself against the charges. The attorney representing the defendant investigates the facts and laws related to the charges and advice of the defendant on how to plead, negotiates any plea bargain offered by the prosecutor.and if necessary, represent the defendant at the trial.
As you can see, when comparing civil law v/s criminal law, there are several important distinctions that impact a legal team approach. If you love to learn about the intricacies of the legal system go to this link. This link gives you an insight into what are the types of lawyers exists and when you need them in great detail.